Historically, the SGP has preferred funding species related projects, which makes up to 43% of the programme portfolio. The main interventions of the present projects include baseline studies, identification of threats, and development of conservation plans, capacity building of local conservationists, awareness workshops and promotion of alternate sources of income generation.
There are about 372 endemic species in Pakistan, found mainly in the western and northern mountainous regions. Out of these more or less 50 are endemic in these regions including Gilgit and Baltistan. However, only 14 flowering plants are listed as threatened in the IUCN Red list of Threatened plants out of which two are said to be already extinct, two are endangered, two vulnerable, five are rare and five indeterminate. This is merely 0.3% of the total number of species known from Pakistan. This is obviously the tip of iceberg.
The main objectives of the project were to determine the threatened species of plants according to the IUCN Red List Categories in Gilgit and Baltistan and recommend the conservation strategies according to the status of the endemic species.
In June and July, 2005 six women in the Forests of District Abbottabad were killed by a common leopard (Panthera pardus). After this incident the leopard emerged as a symbol of terror for the communities and tremendous hue and cry was made with demands for the total elimination of leopards from area.
The main objectives of the project were to ensure the conservation of leopard and demarcate its current occurrence zone in Gilliat and Thandiani areas on the basis of sighting records to determine the leopard distribution, population and density. It also aimed to built capacity of wildlife staff to use tranquilizer gun to handle the situation instead of direct killing/shooting of leopards and kept community away from both economic and social losses.
The snake, Python Molurus, is in danger of being extinct. This special kind of Python is not poisonous and it is important for human beings because it eats mice which are dangerous not only because they eat wheat but also because they spread certain diseases.
The purpose of this project was to educate the community about the difference between the venomous snakes and the Python and took the appropriate measures for the conservation of the extincting species of Python.
The Punjab Urial Ovis vignei punjabiensis is endemic to northern Punjab, Pakistan, and is classified as endangered by the IUCN. Punjab Urial was once present all over northern Punjab Mountains, but in recent decades it underwent a severe decline in both range and numbers, disappearing from much of their historic range. The main reasons for the rapid decline in numbers appear to be poaching, the capture of newborn lambs that are kept as pets, fragmentation of home ranges, competition with domestic livestock and habitat disturbance and destruction associated with increasing agriculture, forestry and mining.
The overall aim of the project was to accurately determine the status and distribution of the Punjab Urial throughout its current home range in northern Punjab and to determine what its ideal habitat requirements are.