The common leopard is protected under all provincial laws, is typically associated with the moist temperate forest with mixed deciduous and coniferous forests. Historically, four subspecies of the leopard have been listed in the mammals of Pakistan. However, it is difficult to differentiate between the subspecies as the leopards are restricted to the northern Pakistan and other areas have occasional reports on vagrant leopards.
90-191 cm with a 60-110 cm tail.
35 – 40 female, 50 – 75 kg male
In Pakistan, it is concentrated in the Moist Temperate forest and important areas of the distribution are from Margalla Hills National Park, Murree Reserve Forest, Ayubia National Park (KP) and adjoining forest of Khyber-Paktunkhwa and Azad Jammu and Kashmir and there are also occasional reports from desert areas of Punjab which largely show a vagrant animal.