White-backed vulture Gyps bengalensis has declined by more than 99% in Pakistan, India and Nepal since early 1990s, and is now classified as Critically Endangered. Diclofenac Sodium, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), used in livestock, is the main cause of mortality that causes kidney failure in vultures. Vultures are ecologically important because they consume dead animals and clean the environment.
75 – 85 cm
180 - 210 cm
3.5 to 7.5 kg
Critically Endangered by IUCN Red List
Occurs mostly in plains and less frequently in hilly regions.
Gyps bengalensis was common in the Indian subcontinent. It regularly occured in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and southern Vietnam.
Where are the White-backed Vultures confined now in Pakistan?
In Pakistan, the white-backed vultures are confined to the Nagar Parkar area in Sindh only and this is considered the last stronghold of this species.
- On 1st October 2015, a deworming session was organized at the Gyps Vulture Restoration Centre, Changa Manga.
- A livestock assessment survey was conducted in the villages around Gyps Vulture colonies in Nagarparkar, to improve livestock management practices and to reduce mortality and support livelihoods .
- A session was organized for the students, to show the vulture documentary along the presentation highlighting the threats to vultures species in the Nagarparkar area.
Don’t forget to spread the word. The more people understand what simple steps can be taken to save white-backed vultures, the more success we will have. So go on, get your friends, family and colleagues to help too.
The good news is that we can save white-backed vltures.
You can adopt a vulture for the period of 6 months or 1 year.