Pakistan has a 1,050 km long coastline, shared by two provinces, Sindh and Balochistan, stretching from the Rann of Kutch in the east to Jiwani in the west.
Globally with as many as 100 million species, marine biodiversity far exceeds that on land. In Pakistan, it faces various threats from habitat destruction to illegal catch of juveniles of commercially important fish species, in particular for migratory species (such as tuna and tuna like species). These threats have marred the marine biodiversity in Northern Indian Ocean.
High levels of by-catch of cetaceans, marine turtles and sharks in fishing operations, dumping of untreated waste, and large amounts of marine pollution have further deteriorated the natural habitat and stocks of ecologically and commercially important species in the area.
'The crisis for the ocean is a crisis for humanity. There are solutions and momentum is building - the scale requires active collaboration from all sectors - business, science, community, government.'
Ocean Practice Leader
Protecting the oceans pays huge dividends – and we know they can often bounce back. We’ve seen fish stocks recover thanks to better management, while marine protected areas have created jobs and boosted tourism by reviving nature.
Our marine programme ties up with the WWF global marine programme strategy and corresponds to its goals and objectives. WWF-Pakistan’s work in coastal areas has focused broadly on the following areas:
- Broadening knowledge base on habitats and critical resources
- Transforming markets and fisheries improvement projects
- Identification of the Ecologically and Biologically Significant Areas (EBSA)
- Community mobilization and market access
- Marine turtle conservation programme
- Reducing bycatch in the high seas
- Global strategy for conservation of sharks and rays
- Establishing regional cooperation for resource management, scientific data collection